Uttarakhand

Capital - Dehradun  ~>>  Area - 51,125 sq km.  ~>> Language – Hindi, Kumaoni and Garhwali

Uttarakhand TourMostly visited for – Dehradun, Hill stations (Mussorie, Nainital, Ranikhet, Almora, Kausani, Mukteshwar – the Kumaon hills), Uttarkashi, Rishikesh and Haridwar, Chamoli, Pithoragarh, Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, Yamunotri (Char Dham Yatra), Jageshwar Temple Complex (near Almora), Baleshwar Temple (Champawat), Baij Nath Temple (Kausani), Gangotri Temple (Gangotri), Har Ki Pauri (Haridwar), Hemkund Saheb Gurudwara (Joshimath)

Major Cities – Dehradun, Haridwar, Rishikesh

Adventure
Skiing: Auli, Dayara Bugyal, Mundali, Munsiyari
River Rafting: Ganga, Yamuna, Alaknanda, Mandakini, Rishikesh, Rudraprayag, Devprayag
Paragliding: Dhanaulti Ridge, Pithoragarh, Naukuchiatal, Bedni Bugyal, Mussoorie.
Trekking: Panch Kedar, Kuari Pass, Milan Glacier, Gangotri, Yamunotri, Har Ki Dun Valley, Massoorie Nagtibba, Kalsi, Lakhamandal, Adi Kailash
Mountaineering: Gangotri Glacier
Golf Courses: Ranikhet, Nainital

Weather - Summer: March to May, Monsoon: June to September, Winter: October to February. 

Connectivity
By Air- The Jolly Grant Airport in Dehradun is a domestic airport fairly connected to major cities linked internationally.
By Rail- The key railway stations in the state are Dehradun, Haridwar and Kathgodam. Many super-fast express and passenger (local) trains connect these locations with cities in other parts of India.
By Road- Uttarakhand has a wide-ranging road network covering the state.

History, Geography and Culture of Uttarakhand
The region under Uttarakhand is spiritually inclined since time immemorial. Many sages attained salvation in the ultimate bliss of Uttarakhand. Many trekkers found their heavenly valleys of flowers here, many environmentalists vowed to save the nature’s treasures here via much popular Chipko movement and many released their karmas in the spiritually enchanting aura of Uttarakhand. Here, the sacred River Ganges originates and makes its way through Gangotri to reach plains and satisfy the spiritual yearning of many devout Hindu followers. These uplifting experiences are common here in this magical hilly land.

The regions history is based mainly on Hindu mythologies according to which the state is described as a ‘land of gods’. The area under this state was referred in the ancient sacred texts as the combined region of Kedarkhand and Manaskhand. According to beliefs, the region was a favoured place for many meditating sages and saints. Sage Vyasa scripted the magnum opus of Mahabharata here.

The royal history of Uttarakhand revolved around Pauravas, Kushanas, Kunindas, Guptas, Katyuris, Palas, the Chands, and Parmars or Panwars. Even Gorkhas dominated the region in the later part of nineteenth century, which was the prime reason why the British stepped in and occupied the most of the state as part of the Treaty of Sigauli in 1817. Post independence, the state was merged with Uttar Pradesh. But after continuous movement demanding the separation of hilly Garhwal and Kumaoni region, the state of Uttaranchal was formed in 2000. In 2007, the state was officially renamed as Uttarakhand meaning ‘northern country’.

uttranchal tourGeographically, most of Uttarakhand is mountainous in nature featuring the Greater Himalaya ranges. The second highest mountain, Nanda Devi also belongs to this Himalayan state. Other geographical wonders of the state include the Valley of Flowers presenting the rich ecosystem of Uttarakhand and the source glaciers of Gangotri and Yamunotri, the two sacred rivers in India. The fauna here is equally exciting featuring many animals (including bharal, snow leopards, leopards and tigers), plants, and rare herbs.

Culturally, the state is etched in the diversity of ethnic communities. Garhwal, Tehri and Kumaon are the rich cultural hubs here. The natives here are as diverse as the landscape, contributing to the rich multiplicity of culture. The spiritual traditions here are uniquely deep seated in the cultural fabric. The music, arts, dance and festivals reinstate the religious beliefs of the people staying close to the nature here.

Also, the state prominently celebrates the festivals with great gusto. The famous festival here is Kumbh Mela held in Haridwar at a frequency of every 12 years. Other prominent spiritual attractions here include Hemkund Sahib and Nanakmatta Sahib. Shrouded in mythological tales, Uttarakhand is a enriched destination known for its cultural, geographical and spiritual roots.

Religion – Hindus, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, and Jains

Festivals
Basant Panchami
Bhitauli, Phool Dei
Makar Sankranti
Khatarua
Kumbh Mela
Namdari Fair

Wildlife
Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve, Valley of Flowers National Park, Govind Wildlife Sanctuary, Nanda Devi National Park, Rajaji National Park, Assan Barrage Bird Sanctuary
Eat – Chudkani, Ras, Charanji, Dubuk Bari, Mungori, Naal bari, Bhatia Jhula, Aalu k Gutke, Kaapa, Paalak Tinri, Gaderi ke Gutke, Daarim ki khatai, Aam ka Fajitha, Maal Pua, Besan Bhadela

Buy – Murals, Paintings, Temple Architecture, Wood Carving, Ornaments

Hotels – Known worldwide as yoga capital, Uttarakhand is a holistic healing destination. Here, a traveller can rejoice in the company of Yoga and Ayurveda. Ananda in the Himalayas is the five star holistic spa destination where tourists can rejuvenate and achieve the best of the health in the spiritually charged setting of Uttarakhand.


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