Uttar Pradesh

Capital - Lucknow  ~>>  Area - 243.286 sq km.  ~>> Language – Hindi, Urdu, English

Uttar Pradesh TourMostly visited for – Agra (city of Taj), Allahabad (confluence of three sacred rivers), Fatehpur Sikri (the first planned city built in Indo-Islamic Architecture), Braj-Bhoomi Mathura and Vrindavan  (the land of Lord Krishna), Jhansi (the gateway of Bundelkhand), Lucknow (the city of ‘Nawabs’), Varanasi erstwhile Banaras or Kashi (one of the oldest living spiritual cities), Sarnath, Sravasti, Sankisa, Kaushambi, Kapilvastu  (Dotted with the glorious legacy of “Lord Buddha”)

Major Cities – Lucknow, Kanpur, Agra, Varanasi, Allahabad

Weather - Summer: March to May, Monsoon: June to September, Winter: October to February. 

Connectivity
By Air- The state has two international airports in Lucknow and Varanasi and three domestic airports in Agra, Allahabad and Kanpur.
By Rail- An extensive network and many important trains like Shatabdi, Taj Express, Rajdhani Express and the Intercity Express make travel by rail easy.
By Road- An extensive road network covers the state thoroughly. National Highways 2, 25, 26, 27, 29, and 45 and a number of State Highways run through the state.

History, Geography and Culture of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh TourUttar Pradesh is undoubtedly the foundation of India. This is the land chosen by the Gods for their incarnations on earth many times. Here, many civilizations flourished and became a glorious saga of heritage. Also, this is the region where spirituality spanned across many religions and beliefs. The history of Uttar Pradesh is as fascinating as the state itself. Dating back to 4000 years, the region under the state was occupied by the Aryans whose main livelihood was agriculture. These natives laid the ancient foundation of civilization in the region. Ayodhya on the banks of River Saryu was closely associated with Lord Rama, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu as his birthplace. Hallowed by the aura of Shri Krishna, the ninth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, Brajbhoomi in Uttar Pradesh is the land where Lord Krishna was born and spent his youth. It is even believed that the epics like Mahabharata, Ramayana and Puranas were created in UP only.

In the middle of the 1st millennium BC, this region saw the enlightening first sermon of Lord Buddha and the advent of Buddhism at Dhamek Stupa in Sarnath. The Chaukhandi Stupa here marks the spot where Lord Buddha met his disciples.

The second most important power to rule this fertile region was the Mughals under whose aegis the state reached the peak of prosperity. During this phase, the state achieved many architectural feats including Agra Fort, Sikandra, Fatehpur Sikri, Itmad Ud Daulah and Taj Mahal. The state even saw the succession of five Mughal emperors. With the onset of the modern era, the region witnessed the crumbling of the Mughals and the beginning of the British rule. This was the beginning of another addition to the civilization of Oudh or Awadh. During this time, the local rulers gained the title of Nawab under the powerful regime of British government in Lucknow. Later on, the state contributed to the numerous movements for independence, which henceforth paved the way to India’s independence.

Geographically, the state of Uttar Pradesh shares its mighty borders with as many as eight states in India (Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Bihar) and Nepal internationally. Occupying the fertile Indo-Gangetic Plains featuring highly fertile alluvial soils; this state is bestowed with natural wealth in abundance in terms of vegetation, forests and abundantly cultivated farm produce.

Culturally, the state is a microcosm of diverse India at its best. Many religions here flourish harmoniously under the Ganga Jamuni Tehzeeb. Multiethnic and multicultural, this state is laced with immigrant cultural heritage roots that lend Uttar Pradesh a unique identity in India. The gentle cultural Nawabi civilization, the elaborate Awadhi cuisine, narrative classical Kathak dance and enlightening spiritual sights, all come under the elaborative culture of Uttar Pradesh.

Religion – Hindus, Islam, Buddhism and Christianity

Festivals
Taj Mahotsav (Feb)
Jhansi Festival (Feb-Mar)
Brij ki Holi (Mar)
Buddha Mahotsav (Apr-May)
Vrindavan Sharadotsav (Oct)
Ganga Festival (Nov)
Lucknow Festival (Nov-Dec)
Dusshera
Diwali
Muharram
Eid
Kumbh Mela
Shopping Festival, Noida (Oct-Nov)

Wildlife
Dudhwa National Park (Palia, Lakhimpur-Kheri District), Kishanpur Sanctuary (Dist. Kheri), Katarniaghat Sanctaury (Dist. Bahraich), Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary (Dist. Unnao), Hastinapur Sanctuary (Bijnor, Dist. Meerut)

Eat – Kebab, Kofta, Korma, Keema, Pulao, Biryani, Paranthas (Plain or Stuffed), Halwa, Firni and other Sweetmeats and Namkeen
Buy – Zari-Chikan work, Surma (Kohl), Jhumka, Glass Accessories, Oriental Perfumes, Leather Craft, Pottery, Chikan work, Carpets, Brass Artifacts, Wood items, Banarasi and Silk Sarees, Marble Inlay work

Hotels – The state where Taj Mahal glistens in glory, Uttar Pradesh is excellently equipped in hospitality industry. Here, a variety of accommodation options ranging from Budget to Five star deluxe hotels are available for tourists to have an ultimate experience in Uttar Pradesh.


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