Chandigarh

Shared Capital of Punjab and Haryana  ~>>  Area – 114 sq km.  ~>> Language – Hindi, English, Punjabi

Mostly visited for – Rock Garden – made of urban and industrial waste, this Rock Garden is a fantasy garden created by Nek Chand and is a pride of Chandigarh. Numerous figurines from waste products define the ahead of the times vision of its creator. Leisure Valley, Sukhna Lake, Botanical Garden with a myriad species of plants and Zakir Hussain Rose garden are other attractions of Chandigarh.

Weather – Summer: March to May, Monsoon: June to September, Winter: October to February. 

Connectivity
By Air - Chandigarh has an airport just 11 km away from the City Centre.

By Rail - Chandigarh Railway Station is about 8 km from the City Centre. Important trains like the Shatabdi Express and the Himalayan Queen serve the city on a regular basis.

By Road - The city boasts of an excellent road-network. It is also conveniently located within motorable distance from a number of major cities of North India. National Highways 21 and 22 run through the city.

History, Geography and Culture of Chandigarh
The union territory and a shared capital of two states, Chandigarh is a result of historical developments in India. Post independence, the capital of Punjab state, Lahore during partition was allotted to Pakistan. Temporarily, Shimla was made the capital of Punjab and attempts of giving Punjab a new capital gained momentum. In March, 1948, the Government of Punjab in consultation with the Government of India approved a 114.59 sq. km area at the foot of the Shivalik Hills in Ropar district as the site of the new capital. An existing village gave its name to the new city. Le Corbusier, the best architect of his times was employed to execute the dream of creating the best planned city of India in 1950. Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru, the then prime minister of India equally took interest in envisioning the capital. And result was the first planned city of India, beautifully laid and executed over a decade. The city is built on an orderly grid of wide avenues, divided into 29 neat sectors, each measuring 800 by 1200 metres, and interspersed with extensive greenery. On 1 November 1966, Hindi speaking Haryana region was separated from Punjab. Since Chandigarh city was located on the border, so it was decided to make Chandigarh a union territory serving as a shared capital for both Punjab and Haryana.
Located near the foothills of the Himalayan Shivalik range, this city shares its borders with Haryana and Punjab. The Himachal Pradesh state borders are also minutes away from its north border.

The culture of Chandigarh is cosmopolitan in nature. A blend of different cultures within the country, Chandigarh has attracted diverse groups from all over India and gave a platform for them to intermingle. Folk music, dance, theater and other cultural platform strongly exhibit the verve of this young city in India. Yummy mouthwatering food and different cuisines are here to look out for.

Religion – Hindu

Festivals
Baisakhi Festival, Chandigarh Mango Festival, Festival of Gardens, Chandigarh Carnival, Chrysanthemum Show, Chandigarh Plaza Carnival, Teej Festival

Hotels – This first planned city of India is high on hospitality quotient. Due to the presence of world class hotels and hospitality chains in Chandigarh, numerous business and leisure travellers prefer to stay in this comfortable city. Apart from this, the city is also carving a niche in medical tourism. Two JCI accredited hospitals are there in the city; Fortis Hospital (Mohali) & Grewal Eye Institute (Chandigarh) along with other hospitals having adequate Blood & Eye Banks, which makes it an apt Medical Tourism Destination. Other holistic healing options followed here include Ayurvedic, Homoeopathic, Yoga and Acupressure.

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